what causes eczema on face

Eczema is a skin condition that causes scaly, itchy skin that develops a rash (which can get worse and often appears only when the skin is scratched). If your eczema is mild, you may be able to keep in under control with good skincare practices and consistent moisturizing. Those with eczema around the eyes are more susceptible to certain eye problems such as conjunctivitis, inflamed cornea, and changes in the shape of the cornea (a condition called keratoconus).. You can ask your doctor if there are any local support groups that meet near you or check out online options like those offered through the NEA. If you have eczema, it's essential to keep your skin moisturized. Phototherapy uses a device to emit ultraviolet B (UVB) light onto the skin, which reduces itching and inflammation, boosts the production of vitamin D, and enhances the body's natural ability to fight bacteria on the skin. 2017 May/Jun;21(3):227-236. When these aren't successful, phototherapy may be the next step. Facial eczema is incredibly in young children and may not be treated at all. American Academy of Dermatology. Facial eczema can appear on its own or with more widespread eczema. In some people, eczema stems from a genetic mutation that affects your body’s ability to make a skin protein called filaggrin. Without enough filaggrin to build a strong skin barrier, moisture can escape and bacteria, viruses and more can enter. Perfumes/products with fragrance. Thyssen JP, Toft PB, Halling-Overgaard AS, Gislason GH, Skov L, Egeberg A. We don’t know what exactly causes eczema. When a child has eczema, many factors can play a role in what causes it. If the sun triggers a flare, you may need to wear sunscreen. ; Atopic dermatitis, a common cause of eczema, is more prevalent in those with asthma and hay fever. A person can use aloe vera gel directly from the plant. Following are some possible triggers of facial eczema: Creams Detergent Dust Mites Hot weather Humidity Mold Pollen Shampoo Soap Products Learn more about how stress and eczema are related. Be mindful of the sun. If eczema (facial or otherwise) lasts over long periods of time, the skin could eventually become thicker, discolored, or scarred. What causes eczema? Instead, your doctor will take a detailed look at your symptoms and medical history, as well as perform a visual exam of your skin. The cause of eczema is not fully understood. Proteins in pet saliva or urine also can set off eczema symptoms. Hot showers can act as a trigger for eczema in some people. Working to keep your symptoms under control is important to staying healthy and comfortable while living with eczema. If your itching is severe, ask your physician about the best ways to manage the itch. Household cleaners 3. There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. Creams and ointments will give your skin the most hydration. The cream can be used short-term (less than four weeks) to ease itching and redness with your doctor's OK. Hydrocortisone should not be used in the eye area. Hot weather. On the other hand, hot weather can also irritate eczema. But it’s believed to be triggered by an overactive immune system that responds aggressively when exposed to irritants. These trigger factors can be: 1. Review of Atopic Dermatitis and Topical Therapies. Eczema overview “Eczema” does not refer to a single health condition. Because facial eczema is so front-and-center, many people feel embarrassed during a flare-up. Facial eczema is also quite common in babies and toddlers, but it can appear in people of any age. Chemicals (hair dye, nail polish) Scratchy, irritating fabrics (stick … Stress. This is why many people with eczema have very dry and infection-prone skin. Research shows that people with eczema may have an overactive immune system. Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser. Immune system dysfunction causing an unwanted inflammatory response in the skin.Certain substances or conditions called trigger factors can cause eczema to flare (ie: become worse). It’s an umbrella term for a number of closely related skin diseases, all of which cause a cluster of skin issues. Steer clear of ingredients like parabens (a group of preservatives), salicylic and glycolic acids, fragrances, and retinol, as they can worsen irritation. 2017; 77:280-6. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2017.03.003. It's important to know what type of eczema you have in order to get the proper treatment. In addition, eczema is commonly found in families with a history of other allergies or asthma. Laundry detergents 4. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Prompt treatment can help prevent eye problems from getting worse; untreated, they can cause vision loss. J Am Acad Dermatol. DOI: 10.1177/1203475416685077. What is Eczema? When you’re out of the sun, wash your face and apply a moisturizer; sunscreens are helpful, but can be drying to your skin. Good, gentle care of your skin is the cornerstone of your facial eczema treatment. Find treatments for eczema as well as treatments for dermatitis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and more. The National Eczema Association (NEA) notes some general triggers, which could lead to an outbreak of eczema: When it comes to eczema on the face, pay special attention to anything that is coming in contact with your skin like makeup, facial masks, toners, cleansers, and other facial products. For some, coming into contact with rough or coarse mate… Eczema causes aren’t clear. Get the latest eczema news delivered to your inbox. Problems in the skin barrier, allowing moisture out and germs in, could also be a cause. If needed, patch testing, a skin scraping/KOH test, or a skin biopsy may be done to help with the diagnosis. 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