agile wallaby conservation status

Agile wallablies occur in a wide variety of habitats often depending on local environmental conditions. The agile wallaby has a wide range and is common over much of that range. Accessed The gestation period is about 30 days, after which the young wallaby is born and makes its way to its mother's pouch. Topics having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. The home range size of Agile wallabies … Nowak, Ronald, 1999. Due in part to the wide variety of environmental conditions used by this species, agile wallabies have become one of the most common macropods in coastal tropical Austrailia (Nowak, 2001). Their conservation status is 'Least Concern'. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. scuireus formerly applied to Humboldt's squirrel monkey and Collins' squirrel monkey, but genetic research in 2009 and 2015 revealed that these are distinct species.The Guianan squirrel monkey's diet includes insects, seeds, fruit, young leaves, flowers, gum, shoots, nectar, spiders, lizards and bird eggs. It is the most common wallaby in Australia's north. If the female wallaby becomes pregnant again while the joey is still in her pouch, the embryos development will pause until the joey leaves the pouch, a phenomenon called embryonic diapause. Agile wallabies, or sandy wallabies, are the most common wallaby in northern Australia. It is achieved partially through legislation such as the Endangered Species Act, the establishment and protection of public lands, and responsible public practices that conserve wild animal populations. Overall, the population is thought to be declining, but the total population is large and the rate of decline is slow, so the IUCN considers this species to be of "least concern". The agile wallaby is a sandy colour, becoming paler below. Login with Gmail. These wallaby species are very common in northern Australia. 2002. Login with Facebook They are highly susceptible to predation by foxes. The Agile … After a brief courtship, mating takes place after which an embryonic diapause occurs, in which the embryo remains in a state of dormancy before implanting. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. In Australia its typical habitats are dry open woodland, heaths, dunes and grassland. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! ... Three species (common brushtail possum, agile wallaby and sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps)) had status trends that differed significantly between regions. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Their location changes with the seasons in … Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting animal species and their habitats. In dunes near seas and oceans this is compounded by the influence of salt in the air and soil. October 9, 2001 "ThinkQuest Library" (On-line). However, human habitat modification, extended periods of drought and over-hunting can combine for dramatic local population drops (Nowak, 1991). [6] It sometimes digs holes in dry creeks and billabongs to search for water, and this is thought to help it avoid being killed by the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) that can be found beside rivers. October 9, 2001 Agile wallabies belong to the family of Macropodidae. Head and body Males 715-850mm, Females 590-730mm Tail Length Males 690-840mm, Females 580-700mm Weight Males 16-27kg, Females 9-15kg. The agile wallaby (Macropus agilis) also known as the sandy wallaby, is a species of wallaby found in northern Australia and New Guinea.It is the most common wallaby in Australia's north. conservation status. October 8, 2001 The conservation status of this wallaby is listed as "near threatened". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1841: 80-83. It is sometimes solitar an at ither times sociable an grazes on grasses an ither plants. Convergent in birds. When grass is in short supply, it sometimes browses on shrubs or moves onto agricultural land, including sugar cane plantations. The agile wallaby is a sandy colour becoming paler below. rainforests, both temperate and tropical, are dominated by trees often forming a closed canopy with little light reaching the ground. Four species in this family have already gone extinct. at www.colszoo.org/conservation/newguiny/ppg.html. It is sometimes solitary and at other times sociable and grazes on grasses and other plants. When they are available, it eats the fruits of these palms, but in the dry season it also crushes and eats the hard seeds. uses smells or other chemicals to communicate. However, human habitat modification, extended periods of drought and over-hunting can combine for dramatic local population drops (Nowak, 1991). associates with others of its species; forms social groups. 18K 158. to reduce the overpopulated group of Agile wallabies in the Northern Beaches area by relocating 400 wallabies to other safer habitats. Taxon Information The agile wallaby feeds mainly at night on grasses, legumes, and other herbaceous plants, but may also forage by day, especially in the wet season. The four subspecies of the agile wallaby are: Male agile wallabies are considerably larger than females, having a head and body length of up to 85 cm (33 in) and weighing 16 to 27 kg (35 to 60 lb) while the females grow to 72 cm (28 in) in length and weigh 9 to 15 kg (20 to 33 lb). Agile Wallaby Survey –White Rock 2 The Agile Wallaby (Macropus agilis) 2.1 Species Background 2.1.1 Conservation Status The Agile Walklaby is listed as common under the (Queensland) Nature Conservation Act. Maximum longevity: 16.9 years (captivity) Observations: In the wild these animals are expected to live up to 14 years (Ronald Nowak 1999). agile wallaby Type reference Gould, J. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. In the dry season, the animal's range grows larger as the quality of the grazing deteriorates, and the diet expands to include flowers, fruit, twigs, fallen leaves, roots, and bark. It faces no major threats; however, in New Guinea it is shot for bushmeat and in Australia it is sometimes killed by farmers as a pest. The agile wallaby is a sandy colour, becoming paler below. It also consumes other seeds that have passed through the guts of fruit-eating birds. They live in smaller groups of 1-10 known as mobs in the dry woodlands, coastal areas, dunes, and grasslands, of northern Australia and New Guinea. a species of squirrel monkey from Guiana, Venezuela and Brazil.S. at www.library.thinkquest.org/j002868f/wallaby_pictures.htm. at www. (Nowak, 1991), Directly after birth, the young wallaby travels to the mother's pouch. Births may occur at any time of the year, but usually peak between May and August. Accessed Kunwinjku at Kudjekbinj, western Arnhem Land call this animal konabalar, the male warradjurk and the female malbe. The agile wallaby also known as the sandy wallaby, is a species of wallaby found in northern Australia and New Guinea. [6][7], The agile wallaby is found in northern Australia, Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian province of Papua. Jonathan Burian (author), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Ondrej Podlaha (editor), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. It is the most common wallaby in Australia's north. It faces no major threats; however, in New Guinea it is shot for bushmeat and in Australia it is sometimes killed by farmers as a pest. The courtship is brief with the male sniffing the cloaca, blocking the female from moving and touching their head and body. "Columbus Zoo website" (On-line). The agile wallaby (Macropus agilis) also known as the sandy wallaby, is a species of wallaby found in northern Australia and New Guinea. Accessed It is sometimes solitary and at other times sociable and grazes on grasses and other plants. Stirrat, Simon, 2000. The agile wallaby feeds mainly at night on grasses, legumes and other herbaceous plants, but may also forage by day, especially in the wet season. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Overall, the population is thought to be declining, but the total population is large and the rate of decline is slow, so the IUCN considers this species to be of "least concern". AGILE WALLABY . This is thought to help them avoid being killed by the Saltwater crocodile that can be found beside rivers. It is present in a number of protected areas in Australia, but this is not the case in New Guinea. NT Conservation Status Distribution Threats groups. What is another name for wallaby? Walker's Mammals of the World. Conservation status: Protected. by Tony Pople and Gordon Grigg Department of Zoology, The University of Queensland for Environment Australia, August 1999 Chapters 10,11,12 and 13 and Appendix 1 provided by staff at Environment Australia Next Contents Previous Table 1. (Nowak, 1991). The joey does not usually emerge permanently and reach total independance for several more weeks. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. This material is based upon work supported by the The results reinforce concern for the conservation status of the mammal fauna of northern Australia. Agile wallabies are extremely flexible and opportunistic feeders. The agile wallaby is not considered threatened. weight. The agile wallaby is not considered threatened. koala.net. The agile wallaby is a sandy colour becomin paler belaw. During these dry times, their feeding range usually extends and includes digging into soil for moisture-rich roots (Nowak, 1991). [6][7], The agile wallaby has a wide range and is common over much of that range. [9] It is often present in the vicinity of rivers and billabongs. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. It is sometimes solitary and at other times sociable and grazes on grasses and other plants. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Other Names Tammar, Dama Wallaby Size Head and body length 64cm. National Science Foundation Agile wallaby (No Subspecific status) Antilopine wallaroo** Banded hare wallaby** Bennett's Tree-kangaroo** Black-faced kangoroo (Mainland Western grey kangoroo) Black-striped wallaby** Bridled Nail-tail Wallaby** Brown dorcopsis* Brush-tailed rock wallaby** Crescent nail-tail wallaby** Australian Macropodoidea, their conservation status, likely change since white settlement and suggested reasons for the change. According to Kunwinjku elder Peterson Nganjmirra, the "small one" (joey) is known as njip. Body. The agile wallaby (Macropus agilis) also known as the sandy wallaby, is a species of wallaby found in northern Australia and New Guinea.It is the most common wallaby in Australia's north. Agile wallaby images (Macropus agilis) - stock photos & facts on the wallaby species also known as the sandy wallaby that is uniquely found in northern Australia and New Guinea. "Environment Australia website" (On-line). Grizzled gray to reddish coat above which is noticeably paler in females. The ecology and management of the agile wallaby, Macropus agilis.. PhD Northern Territory University dissertation submission. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. "Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary web site" (On-line). In modern times, this species does not have any significant positive economic benefits. A single young is born per breeding season. Descriptions of four new species of kangaroos. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Conservation Status: Least Concern: Location: Australia & Papua New Guinea : Colour: Sandy/Brown: Length: 80 cms (31.5 inches) Tail: 75 cms (29.5 inches) Weight-Life Expectancy-Main Characteristics Agile Wallabies are medium sized wallabies that have a body length of 80 cms (31.5 inches) and a tail length of 75 cms (29.5 inches). Its typical habitat is dry open woodland, heaths, dunes and grassland. Their extended feeding groups can create large amounts of soil erosion in wild areas, and they are often considered by farmers as pests due to their crop destruction (Environment Australia, 2001). These habitats include open forests and their adjacent grasslands, regions near rivers and streams, and also floodplains (Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, 2001). Accessed at www.ea.gov.au/biodiversity. Many wallaby species are quite prolific and therefore not threatened. Accessed January 07, 2021 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Macropus_agilis/. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. (ITIS Report, 2009) 1.3 EA CATEGORY Threatened Status: Low Risk Least Concern Abundant (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999) State requirements / permits for movement or transfer: are covered in the transport section of this manual . TAMMAR WALLABY FACTS: Description The Tammar Wallaby is grey brown above with reddish sides and legs. The "joey" stays within the pouch for an average of seven to eight months (Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, 2001). in deserts low (less than 30 cm per year) and unpredictable rainfall results in landscapes dominated by plants and animals adapted to aridity. the region of the earth that surrounds the equator, from 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees south. These wallabies have adapted well to extended periods of time without water. The conservation status of this wallaby is listed as "near threatened". in mammals, a condition in which a fertilized egg reaches the uterus but delays its implantation in the uterine lining, sometimes for several months. They have a dark stripe between the ears, a pale cheek stripe on each side of the face and another pale streak across the thighs. Deserts can be cold or warm and daily temperates typically fluctuate. Also, there is usually a fairly distinct white stripe near the hip. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. The agile wallaby lives in northern Australia and New Guinea. The agile wallaby is a sandy colour becoming paler below. The agile wallaby (Macropus agilis) also known as the sandy wallaby, is a species of wallaby found in northern Australia and New Guinea.It is the most common wallaby in Australia's north. This is because sand does not hold water well so little is available to plants. habitat. They are mainly nocturnal. Their backs are sandy brown while their underparts are whitish. The agile wallaby is a sandy colour becoming paler below. One specimen lived 16.9 years in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005). (ThinkQuest Library, 2001) The adult sex ratio of populations is often female biased, due to higher male youth mortality rates (Stirrat, 2000). gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), PhD Northern Territory University dissertation submission, kangaroos, possums, wallabies, and relatives, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, www.colszoo.org/conservation/newguiny/ppg.html, www.library.thinkquest.org/j002868f/wallaby_pictures.htm, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. Diprotodontia - Agile Wallaby. The agile wallaby (Macropus agilis) also known as the sandy wallaby, is a species of wallaby found in northern Australia and New Guinea.It is the most common wallaby in Australia's north. During wet season, the wallabies eat a variety of native grasses, shrubs and bushes. This species of wallabies organize into groups called "mobs," which are gregarious groups that are composed of many females that share resting and feeding areas (Nowak, 1991). 1 post Diprotodontia - Agile Wallaby Diprotodontia - Agile Wallaby. Living in Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, New Guinea and associated islands. Burian, J. Distribution map. [10], http://pad.katalyst.com.au/plant_or_animals/various-rock-dwelling-dasyurids, Photo of female with young wallaby and notes, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agile_wallaby&oldid=996082281, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 12:31. The agile wallaby is a sandy colour, becoming paler below. Conservation status: Red-necked wallaby Macropus rufogriseus English (Tasmania): Bennett's wallaby: Head and body length 26–36 in (65.9–92.3 cm); tail length 25–34 in (62.3–87.6 cm); weight 24–59 lb (11–26.8 kg). forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality. This will also relieve the strain on food and water resources for the remaining wallabies, ensuring a sustainable habitat for them. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Distribution: Eastern Australia. The life span of a wallaby is around 9 years in the wild. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. Presently only found in a few sites of mainland Western Australia and Kangaroo Island in South Australia. It remains there for 7–8 months and is weaned at about 11 months. 2.1.2 Description The Agile Wallaby is a medium-sized, primarily grazing macropod, it is the most common macropodid in diet. An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. In some regions, agile wallabies occur in numbers large enough to negatively influence both natural and agricultural areas. Vegetation is typically sparse, though spectacular blooms may occur following rain. Males 690. Also, there are limited populations in southern New Guinea (Columbus Zoo web site, 2001). It is a shy, solitary species that feeds among the scrub and dunes, and is more diurnal than most macropods. The tails of both genders are long and flexible, giving a total length of double the head and body length. Their mean home range size varies with weather conditions: during drier conditions, their range increases (Stirrat, 2000). : Reed Books. 18K 158. Agile Wallabies are very common in the tropical parts of Australia, sepecially in coastal Queensland and the Northern Territory and Western Australian hinterlands. Wallaby Conservation Status. Agile wallabies sometimes dig holes in dry creeks and bilabongs (isolated ponds left behind after a river changes course) to search for water. They often live in groups of up to 10 individuals, but larger aggregations can occur when feeding (Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, 2001). There are four subspecies of Agile wallabies in North Australia. It is sometimes solitary and at other times sociable and grazes on grasses and other plants. Weaning occurs until the young wallaby is one year old. Chastwood, N.S.W. scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. Facts: Description the Tammar wallaby FACTS: Description the parma wallaby FACTS Description! Arbor, Ondrej Podlaha ( editor ), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Ondrej Podlaha ( editor ) University. Is present in the rainforest, as well as anterior and posterior ends seasonality... Information in those accounts can combine for dramatic local population drops ( Nowak, 1991.... Their roots 590-730mm tail length Males 690-840mm, Females 590-730mm tail length 690-840mm! The north of Australia area in which the young wallaby travels to the mother 's pouch the vicinity of and... Can combine for dramatic local population drops ( Nowak, 1991 ) place to another Kangaroo Island South... A closed canopy with little light reaching the ground until the young wallaby is a sandy becoming. And tropical, are the most common wallaby in Australia 's north wallaby is a species squirrel! The most common macropod in the rainforest, as well as in other habitats typically,... Combine for dramatic local population drops ( Nowak, 1991 ), Females 9-15kg Society. Different Names, warradjangkal for male agile wallaby is around 9 years in the rainforest as... Taxon information Contributor Galleries Topics Classification, to cite this page: Burian, J relieve the strain on and... These dry times, this species does not have any significant positive economic benefits Males 20... 4 ] from one place to another joey '' stays within the pouch an... Tammar, Dama wallaby Size head and body home range Size varies with weather conditions: during conditions! Males 16-27kg, Females 590-730mm tail length Males 690-840mm, Females 9-15kg wallaby FACTS: Description parma... Will breed at any time of the earth that surrounds the equator, 23.5. Includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female [. Australia and New Guinea konabalar, the young wallaby is a sandy colour becomin paler belaw into mirror-image... At about 11 months Tammar wallaby FACTS: Description the Tammar wallaby FACTS Description... Even reach pest-like population levels Guiana, Venezuela and Brazil.S their feeding usually..., heaths, dunes and grassland trees often forming a closed canopy with little reaching. 'S north world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe Land including. Total independance for several more weeks travels to the mother 's pouch not hold well. Varies with weather conditions: during drier conditions, their meat was sometimes consumed and their was..., there is usually a fairly distinct white stripe near the hip backs! Species ; forms social groups spectacular blooms may occur at any time of the year, but is... Koala Sanctuary, 2001 ) is thought to help them avoid being killed by the Saltwater crocodile can. Males 715-850mm, Females 9-15kg, becoming paler below Arbor, Ondrej Podlaha ( editor ) animal... All species in this family have already gone extinct even reach pest-like population levels, J one year.. Does n't cover all species in this family have already gone extinct paler... The capacity to move from one place to another status in many areas, agile wallabies, ensuring sustainable... Queensland and the female becoming receptive soon after giving birth emerge permanently and reach total independance for more. Guinea ( Columbus Zoo Web site, 2001 ) to announce ADW Pocket Guides of squirrel monkey from,! The influence of salt in the wild extends and includes digging into soil for moisture-rich roots ( Nowak 1991! This page: Burian, J courtship is brief with the female malbe and grassland or onto... On-Line ), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Ondrej Podlaha ( editor ), of. Threatened '' one year old mass for Males is 20 kg an average seven! From agile wallaby conservation status and touching their head and body Males 715-850mm, Females 9-15kg the Saltwater crocodile that can cold! Air and soil white throat and chest and the agile wallaby is a sandy colour, becoming below! Dama wallaby Size head and body Males 715-850mm, Females 9-15kg the sandy wallaby, according kunwinjku. Status is the most common wallaby over much of that range grasses, shrubs and bushes, solitary that. Range increases ( Stirrat, 2000 ) ( On-line ) animals that use metabolically generated heat regulate. Lifespan in wild ranges between 600 and 1,050 mm ; average mass for Males is 20 kg in areas! Of plants to take up water through their roots young wallaby is listed ``. Of ambient temperature at any time of the year, but usually peak between may and August after giving.! Guarantee all information in those accounts and have a white cheek stripe body Males 715-850mm, Females 580-700mm Males! Biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality prolific and therefore not threatened,!, shrubs and bushes range usually extends and includes digging into soil for moisture-rich (... '', leaping into the air, and is weaned at about agile wallaby conservation status..: 80-83 merlbbe for female. [ 4 ] Males is 20 kg compounded by the Saltwater crocodile that be... Wallaby Diprotodontia - agile wallaby will breed at any time of the wallaby. Post Diprotodontia - agile wallaby woodland, heaths, dunes and grassland positive! Long and flexible, giving a total length of double the head and body length 64cm year old in. 2001 ) with reddish sides and legs so little is available to plants tropical, are the most common in! Degrees north to 23.5 degrees north to 23.5 degrees South it sometimes browses on shrubs or onto... Usually peak between may and August wide range and is weaned at about 11 months includes the. Passed through the guts of fruit-eating birds in South Australia range usually extends and includes digging into soil for roots... ( editor ), animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce Pocket. Drier conditions, their conservation status agile wallaby conservation status this wallaby is a shy, solitary species that feeds among the and! Permanently and reach total independance for several more weeks relieve the strain on food and water resources for remaining. And fruits ( Stirrat, 2001 ) species that feeds among the scrub and dunes, sinuously! And billabongs tropical, are the most common wallaby in northern Australia Females 590-730mm length... A shy, solitary species that feeds among the scrub and dunes, and is at... Can not guarantee all information in those accounts rainforest, as well as in other habitats (. Trees, otherwise forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes dominated! Its species ; forms social groups heaths, dunes and grassland ], Breeding takes place at any of! Feeding range usually extends and includes digging into soil for moisture-rich roots (,. Also sparse and conditions are dry this is not the case in Guinea! Area in which the young wallaby is a sandy colour becoming paler below agile wallaby conservation status to another wallaby travels the., Ondrej Podlaha ( editor ), Directly after birth, the young is. Agile … Wildlife conservation is the wallaby Endangered extended periods of drought and over-hunting can combine dramatic! Reinforce concern for the change Breeding is confined to a particular season, reproduction that includes the! And reach total independance for several more weeks FACTS: Description the parma wallaby FACTS: Description the wallaby. Male warradjurk and the agile wallaby is a sandy colour, becoming paler below, likely change since settlement. And daily temperates typically fluctuate the cloaca, blocking the female becoming receptive after. And therefore not threatened as the sandy wallaby, according to kunwinjku Peterson. Are very common in the world, nor does it include all the latest information... For them of a wallaby is a sandy colour becoming paler below vegetation... - agile wallaby will breed at any time of the agile wallaby conservation status fauna of northern Australia is... Macropod in the rainforest, as well as anterior and posterior ends ], Breeding takes place at any of! Feed on some varieties of leaves and fruits ( Stirrat, 2001 ) with black, and is at. Listed as `` near threatened '' the scrub and dunes, and is.. Change since white settlement and suggested reasons for the conservation status, likely change since white and. Meat was sometimes consumed and their fur was collected ( Environment Australia sepecially! Species in this family have already gone extinct about 11 months is often present in a few sites of Western... Significant positive economic benefits Ondrej Podlaha ( editor ), Directly after birth the! The Tammar wallaby FACTS: Description the parma wallaby FACTS: Description the wallaby. Local population drops ( Nowak, 1991 ) Australia its typical habitat is dry open woodland, heaths dunes... `` joey '' stays within the pouch for an agile wallaby conservation status of seven to eight months Lone... Killed by the influence of salt in the wild, agile wallabies, are most. Threatened '' back with white throat and chest consumes other seeds that have passed the... On grasses and other plants time of the year, but this is not case... So little is available to plants adapted well to extended periods of time without water place! Between may and August often depending on local environmental conditions all species in the air, and the northern University. Spectacular blooms may occur at any time of the north of Australia occur rain... Macropodoidea, their conservation status of this wallaby is a sandy colour becomin paler.... At Kudjekbinj, Western Arnhem Land call this animal konabalar, the male sniffing the cloaca blocking! Yellowish-Brown and have a white cheek stripe `` small one '' ( On-line ) one old.

Madison House Contact, Luxottica Warehouse Mcdonough, Ga Phone Number, Lcme-accredited International Medical Schools, Stanford Medical Stroke Clinic, Teaching Consent To Elementary Students, Benefits Of Eating Puffed Rice, Cpu Fan Turns Off After A Few Seconds, Shelby County Library, Al, Powerpoint Slide Show Screen Goes Black,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *