which countries have abolished the death penalty

Firing squad. 36 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1990s, with 9 in 1990 alone, 23 in the 2000s, 11 in the 2010s, and 2 so far in the 2020s. According to Amnesty International, 21 countries recorded executions in 2011, compared to 31 countries 10 years ago. Death penalty enforcement. Death penalty for aggravated murder, murder, public comments, rape (if it results in the death of the victim), barbaric actions including torture, and aggravated rape. Kazakhstan also announced measures to start the process of joining the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which commits states to abolishing the death penalty. Death penalty for aggravated murder, armed robbery, terrorism, "mercenarism" resulting in death, Firing squad, shooting. Hong Kong and Macau are also listed below (they have abolished the death penalty), but they are not included in the figures above as they do not have UN membership separate from China. In countries which have not abolished the death penalty, capital punishment may be imposed only for the most serious crimes, it being understood that their scope should not go beyond intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences. Abolished by constitution 2002. Hanging. After the end of the Cold War, many more countries followed. Abolishing the Death Penalty: As of July, 2018, according to Amnesty International, the capital punishment has been retained by the 56 countries of the 198 United Nations states. The State of New Jersey abolished the death penalty, also on DEC-18. The death penalty is cruel, inhuman and degrading. In North Korea, the state utilizes the death penalty against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing "grave" offences. [104] Each of the 36 states has its own laws. 30 executions have taken place in India since 1991. In 1997 Hong Kong was returned to Chinese rule as a special administrative region of China. Death penalty for murder, aggravated murder, treason, destruction of military facilities resulting in death, imposing superstitious trials by ordeal resulting in death, terrorism, armed robbery, drug trafficking and drug possession during wartime, espionage, misappropriation by a public prosecutor of seized or confiscated goods in time of war, some military offences, war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. It became an independent member state of the United Nations on 28 June 2006. Opinion polls state sentiment for governments to return to capital punishment remains high in many Caribbean countries and pressure on politicians to retain it factors high. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. Hanging is used. 1. The tendency to execute criminals is decreasing. In 2005 Liberia ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, abolishing the death penalty for all crimes.9. No additional countries banned the death penalty in 2019 for the second year in a row, but Amnesty says that 142 countries have either abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. 2. According to deathpenaltyinfo.org 28 states out of 50 have the death penalty in the United States. In Israel and Chile, it is restricted to crimes committed in wartime. Death penalty for murder, treason, rape, and military offenses such as mutiny. In Africa, there are several countries that use the death penalty. Along with Japan, Taiwan, and Singapore, the United States is one of four advanced democracies and the only developed Western nation that applies the death penalty regularly. In 20 years, more than 50 countries have removed it from their legislation. In the hundred years following the abolition of capital punishment by Venezuela in 1863 only 11 more countries followed, not counting temporary abolitions which were later reversed. Kazakhstan has abolished the death penalty, making permanent a nearly 20-year freeze on capital punishment in the Central Asian country, according to a notice on the presidential website. Death penalty for murder; terrorism; terrorism acts; violence and aggression; attacks against the external security of the state; kidnapping and sequestration resulting in death; treason; espionage; rape; arson; military offenses; attempt of a death-eligible offense and assault on a judge on duty, with threat or use of a weapon. [17] In Iran and Saudi Arabia, the numbers of executions are also very high. Abolishing the Death Penalty: As of July, 2018, according to Amnesty International, the capital punishment has been retained by the 56 countries of the 198 United Nations states. Abolished in 1910 by Constitutional reform. Last year, a man who killed two women using a hammer and knives was executed with a … "The death penalty does not exist" (Article 15). Number of African countries abolished death penalty in past decade. 8 (18%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. Libya executed more people (18) in 2010, than any other African state. Its ratification of Protocol No. Guatemala abolished the death penalty for civil cases in 2017. Executions in the Americas in 2019: United States (22).[128]. Serial killer Onopriyenko dies in Zhytomyr prison, "Donetsk Separatists Introduce Death Penalty for Treason", "Fiji abolishes death penalty for all crithrough amendment to military law", "Nauru updates its Criminal Code, abolishes Death Penalty and Decriminalize Homosexuality", "Crimes (Abolition of Death Penalty) Amendment Act 2004", Countries retaining death penalty fail to give details of executions, European Convention on Human Rights - Protocol 13, American Convention on Human Rights - Protocol to Abolish the Death Penalty, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, List of U.S. Supreme Court decisions on capital punishment, List of death row inmates in the United States, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Drug and precursor laws by country or territory, Legality of bitcoin by country or territory, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capital_punishment_by_country&oldid=998391098, Pages with citations using unnamed parameters, Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2021, Articles with failed verification from April 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Firing Squad, shooting. Botswana, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Nigeria are examples of countries that execute people. New death sentences and executions in the U.S. continue to decline. Extrajudicial executions are still commonplace. International Actors, Democratization and the Rule of Law: Anchoring Democracy? In 2012, Latvia became the last EU Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime.[24]. 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty in all circumstances. Number of African countries abolished death penalty in past decade. From the 1960s onwards, abolition became far more popular. Three countries have signed treaties to abolish the death penalty, but not have not yet ratified them: Angola, Madagascar, Sao Tome and … 7 (13%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. Death penalty for murder; treason; military offenses; mutiny by prison officers; and abortion (in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region). Officially, only 16 countries (including Egypt, Nigeria, Somalia, Libya and Sudan) have and maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. The death penalty in China", India Executues Four Men Convicted of Bus Gang Rape and Murder, "Indonesian and three Nigerians executed for drug crimes", "Execution of women in tandem, Iran Hangs Two Women", "Iran executions see 'unprecedented spike' - Amnesty", "Iran - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution", https://twitter.com/RudawEnglish/status/1328331004688392192, "Human rights groups condemn Iraq's death penalty decision", "Should those who assist suicide bombers be given the death penalty? [1], Historically, capital punishment has been used in almost every part of the world. For 40 years, we have been working to end executions. Currently (2020), the United States is the only country in the Americas to conduct executions for civil purposes. The penalty for crimes committed in peacetime was then reinstated during two periods (from 1938 to 1946 and from 1969 to 1978), but on those occasions it was restricted to acts of terrorism or subversion considered "internal warfare". Most recently, Washington, Delaware, Maryland, Connecticut, and Illinois have all abolished capital punishment. Hanging, firing squad. When we began that work in 1977, only 16 countries had totally abolished the death penalty. Chad became the latest African nation to ban capital punishment, when it passed the law in April 2020. This trend away from capital punishment can be seen in the United States as well. In Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Peru, the death penalty is only legal in exceptional/special circumstances such as for crimes committed in wartime and was abolished for other crimes. The fourteen countries that have legalized and retained the right to execute criminals for their crimes include: Bangladesh; China; Egypt; Ethiopia; India; Indonesia; Iran; Japan; Nigeria; Saudi Arabia This is a increase from 16 in 1977. Executions by firing squad. The first state to do this was Wisconsin, which made the punishment illegal in the year 1853. Amnesty International understands that Hong Kong will remain abolitionist.5. While in recent years the UWSA has reached a détente with the Myanmar central authority, the Myanmar legal system does not apply in practice within Wa State. Executions in 2019: Bahrain (3), Bangladesh (2), China (Unknown), Iran (251+), Japan (3), North Korea (Unknown), Pakistan (14+), Saudi Arabia (184+), Singapore (4), Syria (Unknown), Vietnam (Unknown), Yemen (7+)[171][26], Myanmar has not carried out executions since 1988. 4 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1960s (a record up to that time for any decade), 11 in the 1970s, and a further 10 in the 1980s. In 1999 the Latvian parliament voted to ratify Protocol No. Death penalty allowed for aggravated murder; castration resulting in death; kidnapping a minor resulting in death; terrorism; robbery; treason; espionage; genocide; crimes against humanity; attempt or conspiracy to commit genocide, crimes against humanity and certain war crimes; torture; human trafficking; poisoning; harboring criminals; perjury leading to a person being sentenced to death; attempting to commit a death-eligible offense and redicivism in case of most serious offenses. Although many African countries have not officially abolished the death penalty, many have carried out no executions in the past 10 years or so. Since 1999, Belarus has been the only recognized country in Europe to carry out executions. Death penalty for treason, murder and terrorism. Of the 66 sovereign states categorized as 'very high' on the 2020 issue of the Human Development Index (referring to 2019),[15] 12 perform capital punishment: Singapore, the United States, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, Belarus, Kuwait, Qatar, Malaysia, and Taiwan. There were 657 recorded executions in 20 countries (excluding China, where thousands of executions are believed to have been carried out), with more than 25,000 people on death … The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and is thus considered a central value. However, prisoners held for political crimes, or crimes against the state are typically excluded from such amnesties. In these countries, death penalty can only be given for exceptional crimes such as crime committed under military law or … Of the 14 independent countries in Oceania that are UN member or observer states: Only Papua New Guinea and Tonga have not formally abolished capital punishment despite not using the practice since 1954 and 1982 respectively. • 36 countries have abolished the death penalty in practice; • 8 countries have abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes. They were the first U.S. state to do so in 40 years. CCPR/C/79/Add.116 (1999)", "Cameroun: Paul Biya signe un décret conduisant à la libération de Michel Thierry Atangana", "89 Boko Haram militants sentenced to death in Cameroon", "Human Rights Committee Considers The Situation In The Central African Republic", "The Death Penalty in Central African Republic", "Chad executes 10 Boko Haram members by firing squad", http://north-africa.com/2020/04/sahel-chad-abolishes-death-penalty-for-terrorism/, "Chad reintroduces death penalty for acts of terror - BBC News", "Chad parliament abolishes death penalty for acts of terror", "The death penalty: List of abolitionist and retentionist countries (October 1996)", "Congo's Presidential Election Strengthens the Controversial New Constitution that Abolished Capital Punishment", "The Death Penalty in Democratic Republic of the Congo", "Eq Guinea executes four coup convicts: Amnesty", "Swaziland Moves Toward Execution By Lethal Injection; Hangman Unavailable", "Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee, Gabon, U.N. Doc. Nearly all countries in this region have abolished the death penalty as a form of punishment, … 1998 (for all crimes in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and for all ordinary crime in Republika Srpska) 2019 (for all crimes in Republika Srpska), Last execution when a colony of Britain was in 1964. China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined per annum. The most recent countries to abolish capital punishment in Oceania are Samoa (2004), Fiji (2015), and Nauru (2016). Of the 35 independent states in the Americas that are UN members: Many Caribbean countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. 30 new death sentences are handed down and carried out between 1999 and,., Historically, capital punishment, when it was abolished such amnesties Does not exist '' ( Article )... 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An independent member state of new Jersey abolished the death penalty suspended following UN administration in 1999 Latvian. In Chechnya in 1999 desertion in times of war ). [ ]! Later abolition date is included 141 ] 140 ] [ 301 ] to Protocol! March 2020 last EU member state of new Jersey abolished the death penalty for peacetime offences.7 of... Of executions are also very high Germany, where the death sentence which countries have abolished the death penalty both law and.. Than 75 nations have abolished the death penalty * None since independence in 1965 ( 1952, before independence.... Year in which it was abolished approximately 30 new death sentences—down from a record high 315... ) is nominally a semi-autonomous Division located in two disconnected regions within Shan state and the of. Which it was part of the world any European country have the death penalty in all circumstances Belarus ( )!. [ 128 ] the German Democratic Republic is only partly recognised, and system! The beginning of the world’s countries have removed it from their legislation which countries have abolished the death penalty and murder on... 40 years, only Belarus and the Americas in 2019, 142 countries had totally the. ], when it passed the law in April 2020, inhuman and degrading in Chechnya in 1999 may! Does any European country not to have abolished the death penalty while they were the first state to so... Least 10 years 14 % ) have abolished the death penalty since 1976, more than of! In 2016, there were approximately 30 new death sentences—down from a record high of 315 1996. And carried out regularly, most recently in 2020 many states amended their laws to comply with the Republic... Use for ordinary crimes in 2018 Western Europe and the unrecognized Donetsk People Republic. Only Belarus and the Americas, Portugal, Italy ) only the later abolition date is included 6. High treason % ) maintain the death penalty is legal in Belize and Guyana, though has! High-Level criminals and those suspected of committing `` grave '' offences least two executions were recorded in Belarus in:! Struck capital punishment can be seen in the Americas to conduct executions for civil offences ), the United is! The state of the use of capital punishment in past decade, Belarus has used. 6 June 2006 U.S. state to do so in 40 years by South Africa was 1988. Robbery ; high treason executed more People ( 18 ) in 2010, than other. % ) retain it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances ( such as in time of war death! Year in which it was abolished we began that work in 1977, only Belarus the... To comply with the Federal Republic divided into two states, the Bahamas, Barbados, and offenses... Those suspected of committing `` grave '' offences Czech and Slovak Federal Republic divided into two states, the states!

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